Aviation Studies

Brad McQueen, Aviation Division Chair
Lance Vaculin, Director of Flight Education & Chief Flight Instructor
Gail Avendaño, Director of Aviation Student Support

Assistant Chief Flight Instructors: Scott Olsen, Ian McCabe, Gene Reinecke
Associate Instructors: Jodi Howick, Sarah Rogowski, Mike Swift

The Westminster Flight Operations program prepares you for a career as a professional pilot in the airline and business aviation industry. As with many professions, there are minimum qualifications that make you more attractive to potential employers. At Westminster College, you will gain the flight skills, knowledge, and judgment that take you well beyond the minimum requirements set by the FAA.

The Aviation Management program at Westminster College offers a balanced curriculum that combines a broad general education with a strong foundation of business and specialized courses and experiences in aviation management. The specialized aviation courses allow you to focus on your area of interest and the internship experience will allow you to get started on your desired career path. The Westminster College Aviation Management program is designed to provide you flexibility in determining your specific career path because there are so many opportunities in the aviation business field.

Program Distinctions

The Aviation Management and Flight Operations programs are fully accredited by the Aviation Accreditation Board International (AABI).

This program-specific accreditation supplements the college’s accreditation and assures aviation students that Westminster’s high-quality is recognized and regularly evaluated by aviation industry experts.

All of the Flight Operations Program flight courses are approved under FAA Part 141 and the Advanced Flight course is recognized by the FAA as meeting the FAA Industry Training Standards (FITS) criteria which allow students to complete the course on a proficiency basis rather than requiring a specific number of hours.

Westminster College is also qualified to certify graduates of the Flight Operations program for a Restricted Airline Transport Pilot (R-ATP) certificate in 1,000 hours rather than the 1,500 hours required for the ATP.

Flight Operations

Program Goals

Aviation Flight Operations students must demonstrate skills and knowledge relative to each of the following areas:

  • Attributes of an aviation professional, career planning and certification.
  • Aircraft design, performance, operating characteristics and maintenance.
  • Aviation safety and human factors.
  • National and international aviation law, regulations and labor issues.
  • Airports, airspace, and air traffic control.
  • Meteorology and environmental issues.
  • Pilot certificates and aircraft operation.

Program Requirements

To fulfill requirements for a major in Flight Operations, students must complete the courses listed below. Students must maintain a 2.3 GPA in courses required for the Flight Operations Major. In addition, because the program involves flight activity there are a number of criteria that must be met prior to being allowed to fly:

  • A FAA Class I or Class II medical certificate is required prior to beginning flight training (a Class I medical certificate is recommended). At least FAA Class III medical standards must be maintained throughout training. A student pilot certificate is required prior to solo. You can apply for a student pilot certificate on your first day of flight training with your flight instructor. Please ensure you are 16 years old, have a government issued photo i.d. (passport preferred) and can read, speak, write and understand English.
  • Proof of U.S. citizenship verified by an original or certified copy of a birth certificate or current passport is required prior to beginning flight training. Students who are not U.S. citizens must register with the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) prior to beginning flight training. This registration process is conducted with the assistance of Westminster College aviation personnel.
  • Students must maintain a minimum balance in their flight account in order to continue flying. All flight lab fees must be paid in full at the beginning of each semester unless prior arrangements have been made with the Director of Aviation Student Support.

Students will not be permitted to begin a flight lab unless these requirements have been met and may be required to drop a flight lab if requirements are not met by the add/drop date. Consult the “Westminster College Minimum Flight Training Costs” handout for specific details about flight training costs and required account balances for each flight lab.

Flight training courses are conducted at Salt Lake City International Airport. Students must arrange their own transportation to and from the Flight Operations Center.

Westminster College will consider prior learning credit for students who have received flight and ground training at other institutions under FAR Part 141 for Private and Commercial pilot certificates and the Instrument rating. For students who have received flight and ground training under FAR Part 61, the college will consider awarding credit only for the Private certificate and the Instrument rating. In all cases, prior learning credit will be awarded only at the discretion of the Director of Flight Education, based on an evaluation of the student’s previous academic and flight instruction experiences. Transfer students may be required to supplement their flight labs with additional flight or academic instruction in order to meet Westminster College proficiency standards. Once a student has enrolled at Westminster College, all subsequent flight training required in the academic program must be completed with the Westminster College Flight Operations Center (including flight labs and ground schools in order to qualify for a Flight Operations degree).

In order to be qualified for an R-ATP certificate, both the Instrument rating and Commercial Pilot certificate must be earned at Westminster College.

A unique hallmark of the Westminster College aviation program is that our students are generally not billed for regular ground instruction. Students are billed for ground instruction under certain circumstances, such as taking an abnormally long time to complete a rating or by choosing to train under FAR Part 61. Refer to the Westminster College Aviation Student Handbook for complete details about ground billing policies and expected flight training progress.

Students must meet the college-wide graduation requirements in addition to the Aviation Studies major:

  • 124 total hours
  • 30 upper division hours
  • WCore requirements

Bachelor of Science in Flight Operations

REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION
CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES
I. Lower Division Courses 28
AVFL 121 Foundations of Flight (3)
AVFL 122A Foundations of Flight Lab I (1)
AVFL 122B Foundations of Flight Lab II (1)
AVFL 221 PIC Development (1)
AVFL 222 PIC Development Lab (1)
AVFL 231 Intermediate Flight (3)
AVFL 232 Intermediate Flight Lab (1)
AVIA 101 Air Transportation (4)
AVIA 202 Aircraft Systems I – offered fall (3)
MATH 142 Trigonometry (2) MATH 141 or MATH 143
PHYS 151 Principles of Physics I – offered fall (4) MATH 141 or MATH 142–143
Choose one of the following courses:
  • MATH 141 College Algebra (4)
  • MATH 143 Precalculus (4)
II. Upper Division Courses 40
AVFL 341 Advanced Flight (3)
AVFL 342A Advanced Flight Lab I (1)
AVFL 342B Advanced Flight Lab II (1)
AVFL 421 Professional Flight I – offered fall (3)
AVFL 422 Professional Flight I Lab – offered fall (1)
AVFL 461 Professional Flight II – offered spring (2)
AVFL 462 Professional Flight II Lab – offered spring (1)
AVIA 302 Air Traffic Control System – offered spring (3)
AVIA 303 Meteorology – offered spring (3)
AVIA 324 Human Factors in Flight – offered fall (4)
AVIA 335 Aviation Law (3) MATH 141 or MATH 143
AVIA 304 Aircraft Systems II – offered spring (3) AVIA 202
AVIA 410 Flight Theory – offered spring (4) PHYS 151
AVIA 402 Aviation Capstone – offered spring (4) AVIA 440 or AVFL 440
Choose one of the following courses:
  • AVFL 440 CFI Internship (2-4)
  • AVIA 440 (1-8)
junior/senior standing
III. Elective Option–Choose from option A or B below:
4 or 5
A) Flight Operations Management (4)
Complete one of the following courses:
  • AVIA 325 Business and Corporate Aviation – offered spring (4)
  • AVIA 415 Managing the Airport Environment – offered spring (4)
  • AVIA 430 Airline Operations and Cargo Management – offered fall (4)
AVIA 101
AVIA 101
AVIA 101
B) Flight Instructor (5)
Complete each of the following courses:
  • AVFL 400 Fundamentals of Instruction Ground School – offered spring (2)
  • AVFL 410 Flight Instructor Ground School – offered spring (2)
  • AVFL 420 Flight Instructor Flight Lab – offered spring (1)
permission only
permission only
permission only
TOTAL HOURS FOR FLIGHT OPERATIONS 72 or 73

Note: All students must complete 124 hours of coursework to graduate, 30 hours of which must be upper-division (300 level or above). Students will need to take other courses to complete the college hours requirement. See the Aviation Studies Division Chair for details on the B.A. requirements.

Recommended Plan of Study for Flight Operations

  Fall Semester Spring Semester
Freshman Year AVFL 121
AVFL 122A
MATH 141 or MATH 143
WCore 1
AVIA 101
AVFL 122B
MATH 142
WCore 2
WCore 3
Sophomore Year

AVFL 221
AVFL 222
PHYS 151
AVIA 202
WCore 4
WCore 5


AVFL 231
AVFL 232
AVIA 302
AVIA 303
WCore 6

Junior Year

AVFL 341
AVFL 342A
AVIA 324
AVIA 335


AVFL 342B
AVIA 410

If CFI Option: AVFL 400 & 410 AVFL 420

Senior Year

AVFL 421
AVFL 422
AVIA 440 or AVFL 440

If Flight Ops Mgmt: option AVIA 430


AVFL 461
AVIA 462
AVIA 402

Note: The above plan is one example of a track through the flight program. A number of other flight course completion plans are available to match each student’s time and financial resources. It is critical for flight students to frequently meet with their academic advisor to select or adjust their flight course completion plan.

Students who do not finish flight lab requirements during the semester in which they registered for the flight lab are required to register for AVFL*499 (Continuing Registration for Flight Training) in the subsequent semester(s) to complete lab requirements. This zero (0) credit flight lab is restricted to continuing students who are completing flight requirements for specific flight courses.


Flight Operations Minor

REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION
CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES
I. Required Courses 15  
AVIA 101 Air Transportation (4)
AVFL 121 Foundations of Flight (3)
AVFL 122A Foundations of Flight Lab I (1)
AVFL 122B Foundations of Flight Lab II (1)
AVFL 221 PIC Development (1)
AVFL 222 PIC Development Lab (1)
AVFL 231 Intermediate Flight (3)
AVFL 232 Intermediate Flight Lab (1)
II. Electives  8
Choose eight credit hours from the following courses:
AVFL 341, AVFL 421, AVIA 202, AVIA 301, AVIA 302 , AVIA 304, AVIA 324, AVIA 440, AVFL 440.
TOTAL HOURS FOR THE FLIGHT OPERATIONS MINOR 23  

Note: Students pursuing a minor in Aviation with a major in another Gore School of Business program cannot use their AVIA electives in both programs.

Aviation Management

Program Goals

Aviation Management students must demonstrate skills and knowledge relative to each of the following areas:

  • Attributes of an aviation professional, career planning and certification.
  • Aircraft design, performance, operating characteristics and maintenance.
  • Aviation safety and human factors.
  • National and international aviation law, regulations and labor issues.
  • Airports, airspace, and air traffic control.
  • Meteorology and environmental issues.

Aviation Management Program Requirements

To fulfill requirements for a major in Aviation Management students must complete the courses listed below. Students must maintain a 2.3 GPA in courses required for the Aviation Management Major.

Students must meet the college-wide graduation requirements:

  • 124 total hours
  • 30 upper division hours
  • WCore requirements

Undergraduate Business Core (Aviation)

Students in all business majors (with the exception of flight operations and some economics programs) complete a common undergraduate core designed to develop skills in all functional areas of business.

There are two components to the common undergraduate core: the lower-division requirements, and the upper-division requirements. Since many of the lower-division core requirements are prerequisites for upper-division major requirements, students should work to complete lower-division courses early in their programs. Upper-division core requirements should be taken when prerequisites are met. Refer to course descriptions to determine prerequisites.

REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES
I. Core Lower Division Courses 22
ACCT 213 Financial Accounting (3) BUSI 101A and BUSI 101B; or BUSI 102*
BUSI 101A Business Fundamentals I, Communicating (3)
BUSI 101B Business Fundamentals I, Calculating (3) MATH 101 or MATH 105
BUSI 200 Applied Business Math and Modeling (3) BUSI 101A and BUSI 101B; or BUSI 102*
ECON 253 Elementary Macroeconomics (3) MATH 101 or MATH 105
ECON 263 Elementary Microeconomics (3) MATH 101 or MATH 105
Choose one of the following courses:
  • DATA 150 Data and Society (4)
  • DATA 220 Introduction to Statistics (4)
II. Core Upper Division Courses 24  
ACCT 313 Managerial Accounting (3) ACCT 213
BUSI 300 Information Technology (3) BUSI 200
BUSI 350 Business Fundamentals II, Integrative Core (2) ACCT 313; BUSI 300, 325; DATA 150 or 220; ECON 263; FINC 300; MGMT 305, MGMT 309; MKTG 300.
FINC 300 Business Finance (3) BUSI 200, ACCT 213
MGMT 305 Principles of Management (4) BUSI 101A and BUSI 101B; or BUSI 102*
MGMT 309 Operations Management (3) BUSI 200
AVIA 335 Aviation Law (3) MATH 141
MKTG 300 Principles of Marketing (3) BUSI 101A and BUSI 101B; or BUSI 102*
TOTAL CORE REQUIRED HOURS – AVIATION
46  

* BUSI 102: Business Fundamentals I for Transfer Students is only an option for transfer students or student majoring in arts administration; all other students should take BUSI 101A/BUSI 101B.


Bachelor of Science in Aviation Management

REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION
CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES
I. Undergraduate Business Core 46
Aviation Management majors must complete the business core; however, they are required to take AVIA 335 Aviation Law in place of BUSI 325 Business Law and Ethics.
II. Lower Division Courses 7  
AVIA 101 Air Transportation (4)
AVFL 121 Foundations of Flight (3)
III. Upper Division Courses 12  
AVIA 324 Human Factors in Flight – offered fall (4)
AVIA 402 Aviation Capstone (4)
Choose one of the following courses:
  • AVFL 440 CFI Internship (2-4)
  • AVIA 440 Internship (1–8)
AVIA 402 and junior/senior standing
AVIA 402 and junior/senior standing
IV. Electives 4
Choose one of the following courses:
AVIA 325 Business and Corporate Aviation – offered spring (4) AVIA 101
AVIA 415 Managing the Airport Environment – offered spring (4) AVIA 101
AVIA 430 Airline Operations and Cargo Management – offered fall (4) AVIA 101
TOTAL HOURS FOR B.S. AVIATION MANAGEMENT 69  

Note: All students must complete 124 hours of coursework to graduate, 30 hours of which must be upper-division (300 level or above). Students will need to take other courses to complete the college hours requirement.

Students who wish to participate in the MBA program should apply for admission to the MBA program during their senior year. Students are encouraged to meet with their program advisor for specific requirements. Information on the MBA program admission requirements is found in the MBA section of this catalog.


Bachelor of Arts in Aviation Management

REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION
CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES
I. Undergraduate Business Core 46
Aviation Management majors must complete the business core; however, they are required to take AVIA 335 Aviation Law in place of BUSI 325 Business Law and Ethics.
II. Bachelor of Arts Requirements 12
Students completing the Bachelor of Arts option (B.A.) must complete either:
a. A declared academic minor other than a Business minor; or
b. Twelve credit hours of a single world language; or
c. Eight credit hours of a single world language, and either:
  • four credit hours of a Westminster May term study/cultural international experience, or
  • four credits of an international study tour transferred from an accredited college or university.
See World Language Requirement for equivalencies, AP and CLEP credit policy.
III. Lower Division Courses 7
AVIA 101 Air Transportation (4)
AVFL 121 Foundations of Flight (3)
IV. Upper Division Courses
12  
 AVIA 324 Human Factors in Flight – offered fall (4)
 AVIA 402 Aviation Capstone (4)
Choose one of the following courses:
  • AVFL 440 CFI Internship (2 or 4)
  •  AVIA 440 Internship (1-8)
AVIA 402 and junior/senior standing
AVIA 402 and junior/senior standing
V. Electives 4
Choose one of the following courses:
AVIA 325 Business and Corporate Aviation – offered spring (4) AVIA 101
AVIA 415 Managing the Airport Environment – offered spring (4) AVIA 101
AVIA 430 Airline Operations and Cargo Management – offered fall (4) AVIA 101
TOTAL HOURS FOR B.A. AVIATION MANAGEMENT 81  

Note: All students must complete 124 hours of coursework to graduate, 30 hours of which must be upper-division (300 level or above). Students will need to take other courses to complete the college hours requirement.

Recommended Plan of Study for Aviation Management (B.A. & B.S.)

  Fall Semester Spring Semester
Freshman Year WCORE 1
WCORE 2
AVIA 101 (LC)
Data 150 or 220
AVFL 121
WCORE 3
BUSI 101A
BUSI 101B
Sophomore Year

WCORE 4
BUSI 200
ECON 253
ACCT 213


WCORE 5
ECON 263
MKTG 300
MGMT 305

Junior Year

WCORE 6
MGMT 309
ACCT 313
AVIA 430


BUSI 300
FINC 300
AVIA 415

Senior Year

AVIA 324
AVIA 335
AVIA 440
BUSI 350


AVIA 402 (Capstone)
AVIA 325


Aviation Management Minor

REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES
I. Required Courses 15
AVIA 101 Air Transportation (4)
AVIA 335 Aviation Law (3) MATH 141 or MATH 143
MGMT 305 Principles of Management – offered fall, spring, and summer (4) MATH 141 or MATH 143
AVIA 440 Internship (4) junior/senior standing
II. Electives  8
Choose eight credit hours from the following courses:
AVIA 301, AVIA 325, AVIA 415, AVIA 430.
TOTAL HOURS FOR THE AVIATION MANAGEMENT MINOR 23  

Note: Students pursuing a minor in Aviation with a major in another Gore School of Business program cannot use their AVIA electives in both programs, with the exception of AVIA 440.

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