WCSAM |
203 |
Linear Algebra |
(4) |

Linear algebra is a foundational subject for almost all areas of pure and applied mathematics. This course will include systems of linear equations and their representations as matrices, matrix algebra, vector spaces and subspaces in Rn, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, least squares, and the simplex method. There will be a heavy emphasis on applications and numerical techniques, implemented with standard scientific programming languages. This course emphasizes critical, analytical, and integrative thinking as well as writing and other communication skills. This course does not have a specific prerequisite, but students enrolling in this course need to be ready for college level mathematics. | |||

MATH |
101 |
Fundamentals of Algebra |
(4) |

Explorations in algebra studying applications to the social and natural sciences, business, and everyday life. Specific algebra topics include the concepts of variable, proportionality, linearity, exponential growth, solving equations, and creating and interpreting graphs. There will be an emphasis on making connections between verbal, numeric, graphical, and symbolic descriptions of functions, as well as estimating and evaluating reasonableness of answers. Prerequisite: Placement by Start Center. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
105 |
Intermediate Algebra |
(3) |

Brief review of basic algebra, linear equations and inequalities, graphs, functions, systems of equations, factoring, rational expressions, radicals, and quadratic equations. Prerequisite: Placement by Start Center. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
120 |
Quantitative Reasoning |
(4) |

An introduction to contemporary mathematics through a survey of several practical and interesting uses of mathematics in society, including topics in logic, geometry, probability and statistics, with some attention given to historical background. Prerequisite: MATH 105 or Math 101 or placement test. | |||

MATH |
141 |
College Algebra |
(4) |

Linear and quadratic equations and inequalities, complex numbers, graphs, modeling, functions including polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic, systems of equations and matrices, sequences and series. Prerequisite: MATH 105 or placement test. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
142 |
Trigonometry |
(2) |

The study of trigonometric functions and their graphs, applications to navigation and surveying problems, modeling cyclic behavior, complex numbers, polar coordinates, and vectors. Prerequisite: MATH 141 or placement test. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
143 |
Precalculus |
(4) |

Similar to College Algebra (MATH 141), but accelerated; emphasizes functions and other topics needed for success in Calculus. Also includes coverage of trig functions sufficient to satisfy the MATH 142 prerequisite for MATH 201 and Physics 151 and 211. Prerequisite: B+ or better in Math 105, or Math ACT at least 24, or Math SAT at least 560. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
200/300 |
Special Topics |
(1–4) |

Prerequisite: consent of mathematics faculty. Offered on sufficient demand. | |||

MATH |
201 |
Calculus I |
(4) |

Functions, graphs and limits. Differential calculus of algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions with applications to geometry, the physical and life sciences, and economics. Prerequisite: MATH 142 or MATH 143 or consent of instructor or placement test. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
202 |
Calculus II |
(4) |

Integral calculus of algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions with applications to geometry, the physical and life sciences, and economics. Sequences and series. Taylor’s theorem. Introduction to differential equations. Prerequisite: MATH 201 or placement test. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
203 |
Multivariate Calculus |
(4) |

Vectors in n-space, differential calculus in several variables, vector fields, integration and its applications in several variables, line, surface, volume, and flux integrals. Green’s, Stokes’, and the divergence theorems. Prerequisite: MATH 202. Offered every Fall semester. | |||

MATH |
210 |
Discrete Mathematics |
(4) |

Topics in sets, logic, elementary counting including permutations and combinations, finite probability, sequences and mathematical induction. Offered every semester. | |||

MATH |
306 |
Introduction to Statistical Methods |
(2) |

Covers topics in elementary statistics, including distributions, correlation and regression, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, and non-parametric statistical methods. Prerequisite: MATH 201. Offered every odd May term. | |||

MATH |
308 |
Putnam Seminar |
(1) |

Preparation for the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical competition. May be taken twice for credit. Prerequisites: MATH 211 or WCSAM 203. Offered every Fall semester. | |||

MATH |
310 |
Probability and Statistics |
(4) |

Introduction to probability theory including combinatorial analysis, conditional probability, discrete and continuous random variables, expectation and variance, jointly distributed random variables, and sampling theory. Prerequisite: MATH 202. Offered every odd Fall semester. | |||

MATH |
311 |
Linear Algebra II |
(4) |

Rigorous treatment of general vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors building on the material in Linear Algebra. Prerequisites: MATH 210 and either Math 211 or WCSAM 203. | |||

MATH |
312 |
Abstract Algebra |
(4) |

Sets, relations and functions. Number theory. Rings, fields and groups. Galois theory. Prerequisites: MATH 203, 210 and either Math 211 or WCSAM 203. Offered every Spring semester. | |||

MATH |
314 |
Foundations of Geometry |
(4) |

Modern axiomatic development of plane geometry and related systems. Includes investigation of finite geometry and hyperbolic geometry. Prerequisite: MATH 201. Pre- or co-requisite: MATH 210. | |||

MATH |
321 |
Advanced Calculus |
(4) |

A proof based class in which many of the results assumed in Calculus are proven. Topics include point set topology of real numbers, a rigorous treatment of limits for sequences and functions, continuity and differentiability. Prerequisites: MATH 203, 210, and either Math 211 or WCSAM 203, junior or senior status. Offered every Fall semester. | |||

MATH |
323 |
Complex Analysis |
(4) |

Functions of one complex variable, analyticity, Cauchy-Riemann equations, derivatives and integrals of complex functions, complex series, and residue theory. Prerequisites: MATH 203, 210. | |||

MATH |
340 |
History of Mathematics |
(3) |

A survey of the history of mathematics, from antiquity to the modern period. Prerequisites: MATH 202, 210. | |||

MATH |
341 |
Topology |
(4) |

An introduction to topology. Topics include open and closed sets, continuity, compactness, quotient spaces, and product spaces. Applications of topology may include metric topology, knot theory, classification of surfaces, and the fundamental group. Prerequisite: MATH 210. | |||

MATH |
362 |
Topics in Applied Mathematics |
(4) |

A range of applied mathematics topics building on a foundation of linear algebra, differential equations, and discrete mathematics. Possible topics include optimization, numerical analysis, algorithm analysis and design, algorithms on graphs and trees, math modeling, dynamical systems, and statistical learning theory. May be taken more than once for credit with instructor’s approval. Prerequisites: MATH 201, and either MATH 211 or WCSAM 203 or Phys 309. Offered every Fall semester. | |||

MATH |
363 |
Differential Equations |
(4) |

Differential equations are used to describe phenomena that involve change. This course includes solutions of first- and second-order differential equations with a focus on analytic, numerical, and qualitative analysis of systems of linear and non-linear differential equations. Other topics may include Laplace transforms, power series methods, Fourier series methods, and topics from partial differential equations. Applications may be drawn from physics, chemistry, biology, and social sciences. Prerequisites: Math 202. Offered every even Spring semester. | |||

MATH |
370 |
Machine Learning |
(4) |

Machine learning is the study of algorithms that use data to make predictions. Such algorithms are at the heart of diverse applications like pattern recognition, spam filtering, web searching, data mining, and artificial intelligence. This course deals with the theory and application of machine learning techniques, including such topics as perceptrons, hyperplane classification and regression, decision trees, support vector machines as Lagrangian duals, conjugate gradient descent, backpropagation training for artificial neural networks, and linear and quadratic optimization. Prerequisites: MATH 210 | |||

MATH |
387 |
Undergraduate Teaching |
(1) |

For teaching assistants in lower division mathematics problem-solving courses. A maximum of two credit hours of MATH 387 may be applied toward the major or minor. Prerequisite: consent of program director. | |||

MATH |
401 |
Directed Studies |
(1–4) |

A tutorial-based course used only for student-initiated proposals for intensive individual study of topics not otherwise offered in the Mathematics Program. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing and consent of instructor and school dean. | |||

MATH |
440 |
Internship |
(1–8) |

Offers students the opportunity to integrate classroom knowledge with practical experience. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing (for transfer students, at least 15 hours completed at Westminster or permission of instructor), minimum 2.5 GPA, and consent of program director and Career Center internship coordinator. | |||

MATH |
485 |
Senior Seminar |
(2) |

This class will collaboratively review the core areas of undergraduate mathematics and build a more complete and integrated view of mathematics. All students will be required to take the Mathematics ETS exam at the conclusion of the course. Teaching and academic majors must register for the Senior Seminar during the spring semester of their senior year. Students who will be student teaching during that semester may take it the previous year. Prerequisites: Senior standing and graduation expected by the following December or permission of the instructor. Offered every Spring semester. |